|Description:||The Scales for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) is a 34-item assessment tool to measure positive symptoms in schizophrenia. The scale was developed in the early 1980s.
|Validated Uses:||Screening, Treatment Monitoring & Evaluation, Symptom Severity|
|Time to administer:||16–30, 30+ minutes|
|Commonly used in:||Clinical Trials & Research, Clinical Practice|
|Detailed Description:||The Scales for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) is a 34-item assessment tool to measure positive symptoms in schizophrenia. The scale was developed in the early 1980s.1|
|Scale Validity:||The question of reliability and validity of the SAPS have been conducted in multiple studies. Earlier studies found interrater reliability to be consistent.1, 3
|Alternative Versions:||The SAPS is complemented by the Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS) which is a similar tool that evaluates negative symptoms. Together the scales are a comprehensive combination that can measure schizophrenia symptoms and assess changes over time1.|
|Cited Limitations:||One criticism is that the duality of the positive and negative scales is not diverse or complex enough for schizophrenia symptoms1.
Footnotes:Supporting references are as follows:
Disease State: Schizophrenia 1-10; Validated Uses: Clinical and research 1; Populations: Adult and children 2; Administration Method: Clinician or trained mental health professional 1-10; Time to Administer: 20 minutes 4; Commonly used in: Research and clinic 5; Cited Limitations 10
- Kumari S, Malik M, Florival C, et al. J Addict Res Ther. 2017; 8(3).doi:10.4172/2155-6105.1000324.
- Greenstein D, et al. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2014; 24(7): 366-373.
- Andreasen NC, et al. Negative vs Positive Schizophrenia. 1991: 28-51.
- SAPS Scale. 1995. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/projects/gap/cgi-bin/GetPdf.cgi?id=phd000837.1
- Andreasen NC. Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms. 1984: 1-21.