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Scales for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)

The Scales for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) is a 34-item assessment tool to measure positive symptoms in schizophrenia. The scale was developed in the early 1980s.
 
Description: The Scales for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) is a 34-item assessment tool to measure positive symptoms in schizophrenia. The scale was developed in the early 1980s.
 
Disease States: Schizophrenia
Validated Uses: Screening, Treatment Monitoring & Evaluation, Symptom Severity
Populations: Adult, Pediatric
Administration Method: Clinician-report
Time to administer: 16–30, 30+ minutes
Commonly used in: Clinical Trials & Research, Clinical Practice
Detailed Description: The Scales for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) is a 34-item assessment tool to measure positive symptoms in schizophrenia. The scale was developed in the early 1980s.1
Scale Validity: The question of reliability and validity of the SAPS have been conducted in multiple studies. Earlier studies found interrater reliability to be consistent.1, 
 
Alternative Versions: The SAPS is complemented by the Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS) which is a similar tool that evaluates negative symptoms. Together the scales are a comprehensive combination that can measure schizophrenia symptoms and assess changes over time1.
Cited Limitations: One criticism is that the duality of the positive and negative scales is not diverse or complex enough for schizophrenia symptoms1.
 

Footnotes:

Supporting references are as follows:
Disease State: Schizophrenia 1-10; Validated Uses: Clinical and research 1; Populations: Adult and children 2; Administration Method: Clinician or trained mental health professional 1-10; Time to Administer: 20 minutes 4; Commonly used in: Research and clinic 5; Cited Limitations 10
 
 

References:

  1. Kumari S, Malik M, Florival C, et al. J Addict Res Ther. 2017; 8(3).doi:10.4172/2155-6105.1000324.
  2. Greenstein D, et al. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2014; 24(7): 366-373.
  3. Andreasen NC, et al. Negative vs Positive Schizophrenia. 1991: 28-51.
  4. SAPS Scale. 1995. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/projects/gap/cgi-bin/GetPdf.cgi?id=phd000837.1
  5. Andreasen NC. Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms. 1984: 1-21.

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