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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

CBT is a widely tested family of interventions based on the premise that biased cognition and behaviors contribute to maladaptive emotional responses.1-3 The number of sessions is usually limited and focused on the development of skills that will help the patient recognize and modify maladaptive thoughts or cognitive distortions.2-4 CBT-based treatment modalities may involve at-home exercises that help the patient apply CBT principles in daily life.2
Description: CBT is a widely tested family of interventions based on the premise that biased cognition and behaviors contribute to maladaptive emotional responses.1-3 The number of sessions is usually limited and focused on the development of skills that will help the patient recognize and modify maladaptive thoughts or cognitive distortions.2-4 CBT-based treatment modalities may involve at-home exercises that help the patient apply CBT principles in daily life.2
Potentially effective for the following mental health concerns: Bipolar disorder, Depressive disorders
Potentially effective in the following age groups: Adolescent, Adult, Pediatric, Geriatric
Treatment setting options: Individual, Group
Treatment format options: In-person, Telephone, Online
Typical treatment duration: 10-20 sessions, Variable
Potential limitations: Effectiveness may depend on the therapist’s expertise in CBT2

Footnotes:

Supporting references for the filters are as follows: Potentially effective for the following mental health concerns: Bipolar disorder3, Depressive disorders2; Potentially effective in the following age groups: Pediatric5,6, Adolescent5,7, Adult3, Geriatric8,9; Treatment setting options: Individual3, Group3; Treatment format options: In-person10, Telephone10, Online11; Typical treatment duration: 10-20 sessions, Variable2-4

References:

  1. National Alliance on Mental Illness. Psychotherapy. 2020. https://www.nami.org/learn-more/treatment/psychotherapy. Accessed March 2, 2020.
  2. Mor, N & Haran, D. Isr J Psychiatry Relat Sci. 2009;46(4):269-273.
  3. Swartz, HA & Swanson, J. Focus (Am Psychiatr Publ). 2014;12(3):251-266.
  4. Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies. About psychological treatment: What is cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)? 2020. http://www.abct.org/Help/?m=mFindHelp&fa=WhatIsCBTpublic. Accessed March 2, 2020.
  5. Weersing, VR et al. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. 2017;46(1):11-43.
  6. Weinstein, SM et al. Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2018;48(6):797-811.
  7. Knutsson, J et al. Clin Psychol Psychother. 2017;24(3):589-617.
  8. Hall, J et al. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2016;24(11):1063-1073.
  9. Sadler, P et al. Sleep. 2018;41(8).
  10. Mohr, DC et al. JAMA. 2012;307(21):2278-2285.
  1. Health Quality Ontario. Ont Health Technol Assess Ser. 2019;19(6):1-199.

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