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Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT)

Originally developed to help treat major depressive disorder, IPT is based on the idea that depressive symptoms can be treated through helping a patient improve interpersonal functioning.1 It does this through addressing problems such as interpersonal disputes, relationship dysfunction, transitions, and grief.1 Sessions are usually for a limited period.2 IPT has been used for depressive symptoms related to pregnancy and birth, as well as for patients experiencing negative mental health symptoms as a result of childhood abuse.3,4
 
Description: Originally developed to help treat major depressive disorder, IPT is based on the idea that depressive symptoms can be treated through helping a patient improve interpersonal functioning.1 It does this through addressing problems such as interpersonal disputes, relationship dysfunction, transitions, and grief.1 Sessions are usually for a limited period.2 IPT has been used for depressive symptoms related to pregnancy and birth, as well as for patients experiencing negative mental health symptoms as a result of childhood abuse.3,4
 
Potentially effective for the following mental health concerns: Bipolar disorder
Potentially effective in the following age groups: Adolescent, Adult, Pediatric, Geriatric
Treatment setting options: Individual, Group
Treatment format options: In-person, Telephone
Typical treatment duration: < 10 sessions, 10-20 sessions
Potential limitations: A poor treatment response may be seen in cases with more severe or chronic depressive symptoms, comorbid mental illness, a weak therapist-patient bond, or a misunderstanding of the causes of depressive symptoms.7
 

Footnotes:

Supporting references for the filters are as follows:
Potentially effective for the following mental health concerns: Depressive disorders1; Potentially effective in the following age groups: Pediatric, Adolescent, Adult, Geriatric1,5,6; Treatment setting options: Individual6, Group6 ; Treatment format options: In-person6, Telephone4,6; Typical treatment duration: < 10 sessions, 10–20 sessions1,2

References:

  1. Zhou, SG et al. Chin Med J (Engl). 2017;130(23):2844-2851.
  2. Key IPT Strategies. International Society for Interpersonal Psychotherapy. 2020. https://interpersonalpsychotherapy.org/ipt-basics/key-ipt-strategies/. Accessed March 2, 2020.
  3. Duberstein, PR et al. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2018;86(10):868-878.
  4. Guille, C & Douglas, E. Evid Based Nurs. 2017;20(1):12-13.
  5. Adaptations of IPT: What works for whom? International Society for Interpersonal Psychotherapy. 2020. https://interpersonalpsychotherapy.org/ipt-basics/adaptations-of-ipt-what-works-for-whom/. Accessed March 2, 2020.
  6. Cuijpers, P et al. Am J Psychiatry. 2011;168(6):581-592.
  7. Ravitz, P et al. J Clin Psychol. 2011;67(11):1129-1139.

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