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Music Therapy

Music therapy is a form of art therapy that uses music actively (creating music) or receptively (listening to music) to help patients improve physical and mental health.1,2 Regardless of the approach, sessions include discussion about the music experience between the therapist and the patient or group.1,3 This dialogue can encourage patients to reflect on difficult emotions and relationships.1 Music therapy is frequently used in conjunction with medication for the treatment of many mental disorders.1,3,4
 
Description: Music therapy is a form of art therapy that uses music actively (creating music) or receptively (listening to music) to help patients improve physical and mental health.1,2 Regardless of the approach, sessions include discussion about the music experience between the therapist and the patient or group.1,3 This dialogue can encourage patients to reflect on difficult emotions and relationships.1 Music therapy is frequently used in conjunction with medication for the treatment of many mental disorders.1,3,4
 
Potentially effective for the following mental health concerns: Bipolar disorder, Depressive disorders, Substance-use disorders
Potentially effective in the following age groups: Adolescent, Adult, Pediatric, Geriatric
Treatment setting options: Individual, Group, Family
Treatment format options: In-person
Typical treatment duration: < 10 sessions
Potential limitations: Patients may need to participate in music therapy for many sessions before seeing the benefits. More studies are needed to evaluate the effects of music therapy, especially in children and adolescents.1,3
 

Footnotes:

Supporting references for the filters are as follows:
Potentially effective for the following mental health concerns: Bipolar disorder,4 Depressive disorders,1 Substance-use disorders2; Potentially effective in the following age groups: Pediatric,1,5 Adolescent,1,5 Adult,1 Geriatric1; Treatment setting options: Individual,1 Group,1 Family1; Treatment format options: In-person1; Typical treatment duration: < 10 sessions,3 10–20 sessions,3 20+ sessions,4 Variable3,4

References:

  1. Aalbers, S et al. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017;11:CD004517.
  2. Chiang, M et al. Psychiatry Res. 2019;275:129-136.
  3. Geretsegger, M et al. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017;5:CD004025.
  4. Degli Stefani, M & Biasutti, M. Front Psychol. 2016;7:1518.
  5. Stegemann, T et al. Medicines (Basel). 2019;6(1).

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